Kitchen drawing: do-it-yourself kitchen set, diagrams and a project with dimensions for making furniture, how to calculate the standard for all cabinets
Remember the sacramental: “Shoes make a woman a woman”? To paraphrase thoroughly, we can say: it is the kitchen of any size that is the heart of any apartment. The cozy atmosphere and fragrant smells make it the center of attraction for the whole family. But only if cleanliness reigns there, and the atmosphere pleases with its aesthetics and functionality. In this case, we are talking about a kitchen set and the importance of initially making the right drawing and arrangement of furniture.
DIY kitchen set
It would seem that what is easier is to go to the store and choose what you like. BUT! What you like can cost, like a villa in Spain, or categorically refuse to enter your small kitchen. There is an option “furniture to order”. But even it is not always available due to the lack of financial resources, as well as decent craftsmen in the area. The truth lies on the surface: make a kitchen set with your own hands.
The motto “The eyes are afraid – the hands are doing” is the best fit for this situation. If you once managed to make at least one decent stool during labor lessons at school, you can safely get down to business. The main thing is to arm yourself with patience, remember accuracy and follow the simple algorithm that you will find in this article.
Create a sketch
First of all, you need a project with the arrangement of furniture as you want to see it. When creating a sketch, it is necessary to delimit the functional kitchen areas according to the rule of the working triangle. There are three of them: a cooking zone, cutting food and washing dishes, as well as a storage zone. You can make a sketch either on your own or with the help of one of the free computer programs.
- PRO-100 – is considered one of the most understandable and easy to use;
- Basis-Designer-Furniture Maker;
A graphical 3D editor, which these programs are, will save you from the long and careful drawing of future cabinets and bedside tables on paper. Failure to comply with the exact dimensions will eventually lead to a room full of rickety and oblique objects.
What is the advantage of a computer program?
On a virtual sketch, you can get a very realistic image of the future kitchen, choose the perfect color in the interior, experiment with the arrangement of objects in the interior.
It is enough to enter all the necessary parameters and trust the program. She will be able to take into account everything: the location of communications, door and window openings, the architectural features of a particular room and offer interesting planning ideas.
Tem. who with a computer on “you”, it remains to make a drawing with your own hands. You will need the most elementary set of tools: a pencil, a ruler, and a piece of drawing paper.
This stage is necessary for both independent and virtual sketches. In its manufacture, it is necessary to adhere to a certain scale. Preference should be given to the 1:10 option.
- Measure the main parameters of the room, take into account non-standard dimensions.
- Draw the perimeter of the kitchen. Indicate the exact dimensions of the walls and piers, and this must be done at different points in the room: near the ceiling and on the floor. Mark possible discrepancies on the sketch. This will help in the future to avoid problems with placement and distortions. Smaller sizes are taken as the basis, consider the thickness of the countertop made of chipboard or other material.
- The locations of utilities are necessarily marked: gas, sewerage, electricity. Specify the location of outlets and vents.
- Designate door and window openings.
The optimal unit of measurement is 1 mm.
What sizes can not do without:
- The length and width of the room.
- Distance from floor to ceiling – the height of the headset, from the floor to the window sill, from the floor to the vent, between the walls, from the corner to the window, between the wall and various pipes (gas, water, etc.).
Placement of household appliances
One of the important stages in creating a sketch is the competent placement of large household appliances: stoves and ovens, refrigerators, dishwashers, washing machines, and choosing the size of the sink.
It is necessary to observe several immutable rules. The refrigerator should not be located next to the stove, otherwise, it may fail before the time allotted to it. Another undesirable neighborhood is the stove and sink. They should be located no closer than half a meter from each other. Splashes of water can not only adversely affect the condition of the stove, but also get into the socket, so you should consider the option of retractable sockets for the countertop. And this is already threatened with a short circuit and the failure of expensive kitchen appliances.
It is logical to place units for washing and washing dishes near the water supply pipes. How to choose a sink made of artificial stone can be found in this material.
How to arrange furniture
First of all, it is necessary to decide on the placement of kitchen furniture in space: in one or two lines, in the form of the letter P or G, or the peninsular or island version will be taken as the basis. If there is a lack of free space, you can easily pick up a small corner set, but you need to accurately select the dimensions of the cabinets. Corner kitchens of small size allow you to save space as much as possible.
Does the kitchen area allow you to put a table, stools, or chairs in it? Space should be allocated for this, taking into account the possibility of comfortable moving chairs away.
Next, you need to decide on the number of cabinets and their location. Only after that, you can start creating individual options for kitchen projects. In this case, again, it is very reasonable to resort to the help of a computer program. It will allow calculating not only the parameters of the facades with an accuracy of a micron but also to optimize the interior space. In this case, all the nuances will be taken into account – the location of the holes, fittings, retractable elements. Everything should open effortlessly to allow access to the inside surfaces of floor and wall cabinets, as well as cabinet lights.
A kitchen set is a structure consisting of sections:
- sections of the top row;
- bottom row sections;
- separate modules.
The top row is wall cabinets. Their parameters depend on the size of the kitchen. The height of cabinets can vary from 300-400 mm to a meter. Their depth corresponds to the size of the drying rack for dishes and is equal to the standard 300 mm.
The parameters of the lower section should be convenient for the person who is most often in the kitchen, according to his height. As a rule, the height of the tabletop from the floor is 850 mm. For a person of non-standard sizes, other ergonomic requirements apply. You can move away from the standard sizes in the direction of their increase. In this case, it is better to choose a kitchen with built-in appliances, as it is easy to place it at a comfortable level for a person.
The depth of the lower section corresponds to the size of the tabletop. As a rule, it is equal to 600 mm, respectively, the depth of cabinets is 50 mm less. The choice of fittings affects the width of the section. How to choose a countertop for the kitchen can be found in this article.
The width of the upper section depends on the size of the suspended hood located above the stove or under the shelves. The minimum distance from the hood section to the electric stove is 700 mm, to the gas stove – 100 mm more.
Calculation of the dimensions of the kitchen cabinet (depth, width, height)
When calculating the size of kitchen cabinets, the following nuances should be considered. The most ergonomic height of the hanging shelves above the tabletop is no more than 100-110 mm.
For a person of more impressive growth, you can add a dozen millimeters. The minimum allowable height of the lower shelf is about 450 – 500 mm. Otherwise, access to the entire surface of the countertop will be difficult. The standard height of the lower section (floor cabinets) is 850-900 mm. This size corresponds to the standard parameters of household appliances, which is important to consider when you create a design online.
The width of the cabinets can be from 20 to 90 cm, depending on the chosen project. Depth – 450-550 mm.
The main reference point for the height of the lockers is the height of the window opening.
How to take measurements correctly
One of the main parameters taken into account when designing kitchen cabinets is the minimum length dimension. Increasing this setting may cause the finished product to not fit in its intended location. It is best to subtract an additional 10 mm from the resulting minimum size. This will help you avoid nasty inconsistencies.
It is necessary to check the compliance of right angles with the prescribed 90 degrees. If large discrepancies are identified in the project, this nuance must be taken into account. You can correct the situation, for example, using a stitching bar.
When taking measurements, it is necessary to take into account the thickness of the panels and doors on the cabinets. The unevenness of the walls can become an obstacle when hanging cabinets. In this case, the solution will be to increase the gap between the boxes.
Cutting materials for the project
This operation can, of course, be performed independently, observing the utmost accuracy. But that’s a pretty big risk. Even if all the necessary rules and precautions are followed, something can go wrong and the furniture will be unusable. Therefore, it is better to order cutting plates in a specialized furniture workshop for quite reasonable money. So it will still be more accurate and will not lead to unnecessary expenses.
How to assemble a corner or standard cabinet
A sketch was made, suitable material for cabinets was chosen, the location of household appliances was determined. Now you need to assemble the kit.
First, with a hot iron, it is necessary to trim all the details, then cut off the unnecessary with scissors and process with sandpaper.
Places for fasteners are marked on the facades and holes are made. All items must be marked. During the assembly process, immediately after connecting the horizontal and vertical surfaces, you can insert all the drawers and shelves into the cabinet. Installation of facades is carried out at the very end. In this case, the structure must lie on the floor. The doors are fixed in an open state.
The mounting of the lower section is level-adjustable to obtain a perfect horizontal surface. The tabletop is attached to the bottom section with self-tapping screws. After that, holes are made for the sink and stove.
We hang the upper section at least 600 mm from the level of the table top. A mounting rail must be attached to the wall. When hanging, it is necessary to align the cabinets in all directions.
Decorating the facade of the cabinet in the kitchen
To give an attractive appearance to the finished kitchen set, you can use simple techniques such as painting, varnishing, painting, or replacing facades. In addition, individual elements of the headset can be finished with a special film and fabric. All the necessary consumables are present in large quantities on the shelves of furniture and art stores. So, the dream kitchen is quite real and completely inexpensive.
Just a few tips and a bit of diligence in your kitchen, an interesting and exclusive set you have created. In our other articles, you can get acquainted with small kitchen corners.